Industry analysis is defined as a method for providing a full understanding of the complicated nature of a certain industry to a business entity. It entails examining market, political, and economic aspects that have a direct impact on an industry’s development. Industry analysis is a tool that provides investors with a comprehensive understanding of any industry. This includes information on the industry’s level of competition, demand and supply conditions, and how quickly new enterprises can enter the market, among other things. External and internal elements that can affect an industry are considered in the analysis.

Industry analysis is carried out by a commercial entity, specifically an entrepreneur, to determine the elements that influence the area in which they have previously invested or are considering doing so. The buyer and suppliers, as well as possible new entrants and competitors, all have a direct impact on how an industry operates. It is the notion of industry analysis that provides the required information to the company organisation so that they may develop successful plans to deal with them. Remember that if you wish to perform thorough strategic planning, you must first obtain a clear understanding of the forces at work in the overall scheme of things.

What Does Industry Analysis Entail?

Understanding the sector is crucial before investing large sums of money in a firm. If you’re considering investing in a pharmaceutical company, there are a few things to consider. For instance, drug restrictions and patenting, medicine demand, FDA rules, and so on.

Who Can Benefit From an Industry Analysis?

Such elements inform investors about the dangers that the pharmaceutical sector faces, as well as the factors that work in its favour and the industry’s competitive landscape. An in-depth industry study will aid you in comprehending such distinct characteristics of any industry. Anyone interested in investing in a firm should conduct an industry analysis, including big scale investors, institutional investors, and even retail investors. Understanding the industry is crucial to comprehending a company. As a result, it aids investors and other stakeholders in comparing a firm to its peers in the same industry. It provides investors with a picture of the company’s and industry’s challenges and potential.

This can be accomplished in a variety of ways. However, we’ve narrowed down two of the most effective approaches for analysing an industry:

  • Porter’s Five Forces to Analyze Stocks
  • SWOT Analysis

In his book Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, Michael Porter, an American academic, devised five forces to perform a full examination of any industry.

Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

1) Peer Competition

It is critical to understand a company’s standing in relation to its counterparts in the same industry. It’s impossible to compare a manufacturing company to a pharmaceutical company. Similarly, one must consider the degrees of competitiveness. Competition and the threat of losing business to a competitor keep businesses on their toes and encourage them to innovate. According to Porter, competition is fierce when there are more participants, when products are similar and companies are battling for a competitive advantage, when perishable products are involved, and so on.

2) Threat of New Competition

The ability of new enterprises to enter the industry and heighten competition is the second competitive force that Porter emphasises. Industries with a high barrier to entry for new competitors benefit from long periods of profitability and little competition. Competition essentially reveals how difficult it is for a company to make money and how successful it has been. As a result, success will be reflected in stock prices.

3) Threat of Substitutes

Substitutes are products that can be substituted for the original. Pizza from Domino’s and Pizza Hut, for example, are interchangeable. If one’s price rises, demand for the other will grow as well. Because it is so easy to switch to a substitute in the event of a change, such as a price increase or a reduction in quality, the threat remains, and the need to perform better and more cost-effectively is vital. The higher the company rises, the better it executes versus its competitors.

4) Buyers’ Bargaining Power

This power refers to the ability of customers to compel vendors to provide them with higher-quality products at lower prices. The following situations have a lot of bargaining power:

If there are fewer customers in the market than there are suppliers, if the buyer has more similar products in the market and is less reliant on a single source, and if the switching cost is minimal. This can assist you in determining how the company’s profitability will be affected over time.

5) Suppliers’ Bargaining Power

Many small and medium-sized businesses are threatened by an industry in which suppliers have bargaining power. Consider a fashion house that has a well-known clothing line and design but requires a certain fabric type that is only accessible from a few vendors. In such circumstances, suppliers may boost prices, affecting the final cost of the clothing and the brand’s business. Large firms, on the other hand, may be unaffected by this power since they have the resources to build a large supplier network and so create buyer bargaining power.

These five forces will play a key role in the creation of a thorough industrial analysis report.

SWOT Analysis

One of the most common analytical tools is the SWOT analysis. It’s a versatile tool that may be used in a variety of situations, including work and personal life. Let’s look at how this instrument can help us with our goal, as we’re talking about industry analysis.

SWOT stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats, to put it simply. If you’re doing a SWOT analysis on an industry, you’ll need to figure out:

1) Strengths:

Characteristics that provide the industry an advantage over competitors.

2) Weaknesses:

Factors that put a company at a disadvantage.

3) Opportunities:

Economic and external factors that have a beneficial impact on the company’s performance and profitability.

4) Threats:

Economic and external factors that have a detrimental impact on the company’s performance and profitability.


Industry analysis can be done using various tools & techniques with each one offering a different perspective. An industry is affected by internal factors like management policies, supply chain policies etc. & external factors like political conditions, business conditions etc. This information helps in making future projections but it also helps companies to plan their own course of action in the market they operate in.

Industry analysis is a very important business tool that helps companies to set their own goals and evaluate the performance of their competitors. These factors can help in determining future growth prospects as well as success or failure of various businesses related to an industry.

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