Stock Investing and Trading have a great difference. Trading and investing are both opposite sides of the same currency. They help traders and investors to make a profit in the financial market.

Now again, even though trading and investing are both profitable in the financial market, their approach is completely different. On the other hand, trading is a form of short-term investment; investing requires a long-term commitment.

What Is Stock Investing?

Investing helps entrepreneurs gradually build wealth over the long term. Investors achieve this goal by purchasing and holding a portfolio of shares, bonds, mutual funds, and other investment instruments.

These funds are usually held for a period of years or decades. This enables investors to take advantage of a number of benefits such as interest rates, benefits, and stock divisions along the way.
Shares are equals investments that represent the ownership of a share in a company and give you the right to be a part of the proceeds and assets. Ordinary stocks give shareholders the right to vote but there is no guarantee of the payment of shares. Before buying your first stock, you should be familiar with the basics of stock investing.

Shares are equals investments that represent the ownership of a share in a company and give you the right to be a part of the proceeds of that asset. Ordinary stocks give shareholders the right to vote but there is no guarantee of the payment of shares. Before buying your first stock, you should be familiar with the basics of stock investing.

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What is Trading?

In contrast to investing, trading is about general trading, which includes buying and selling goods, stocks, currency pairs, and other investment instruments.

Typically, traders enter and exit the market within days, weeks, or minutes, taking small but regular profits. Their goal is to generate profits that are more effective in purchasing and holding temporary financial assets. Lastly, it is important for them to know when their stock will go and how they can benefit from it.

While traders may require a 10% return every month, investors may be satisfied with an annual return of 10 to 15 percent.

Who you want to be Investor or Trader?

Specific differences between investment and trading are discussed at the points listed below:

  • Investment period

The stock market timing is different from trading. As mentioned above, traders stay in the stock market for a much shorter period of time than investors. Investors must wait patiently for their stock price to reach the desired price; Thus, his tenure in the financial market is at an all-time high.

  • Risk factor

Although both investors and traders put their funds at risk in the capital market, there is a bigger risk factor than investment in the business. This is because, unlike investments, the stock market does not exhibit serious monetary movements to correct the money loss caused by market fluctuations.

“Stock markets are subject to market risk”. And you can view this phrase many times that this is 100% true. It does not matter if you want to invest or do business, none of them come with a guaranteed return. So, if you are new to stock market investing, start with a small start.

  • Market revenue

Higher risk, higher return – this statement also works for stock markets. As the business has more risk factors, it also comes with the possibility of making higher profits. Traders also get a higher yield percentage because they constantly transfer their money from low yielding stocks to high yielding stocks.

On the other hand, the return on investment depends on whether the investor invests that amount or transfers it from a low-paying investment stock to another stock.

  • Capital growth

Investing is a well-designed scheme designed to stay in the stock market longer. The term well-earned interest and dividends define an investor’s final income.

Trading, on the other hand, requires regular monitoring of market conditions, as every single fluctuation affects a trader’s final earnings.

Table of Differentiation: Stock Investing and Trading

There are some basic difference can be seen in the table format among stock investing and trading ;

BasisTradingStock Investing
ObjectiveGenerate Short-Term Cash Flow Improve and grow a portfolio of assets over the long term
Time period Short-Medium Term
(Usually between 1 hour and a few months)
Medium-Long Term
(Normally between 1 month and many years)
Leverageyes – very oftenNever or to a certain limit
TimingVery ImportantNot much Important
Type of rolee.g. Momentum PlayResearch Drive/Investment Thesis
What do we analyze?The current stock trend is more important than the company’s primarythe company, not the stock itself
What do we do when the stock goes down?Cut a loss, sell stocks quickly and start looking for the next tradeMaybe buy more? Review the research thoroughly before making a marketing decision
PositioningLong/Short?Long, Short, or your combination of both  Long in general, but there are exceptions
Personal communication with a portfolioToo high, more to be decidedLess, some decision is taken

Although they may seem similar, trading and stock investing. But are two very distinct approaches used to profit from financial markets. The decision of which strategy to exercise often depends on the investor or trader themselves, and their financial plans, as both methods seek to generate the highest possible return; yet in very many ways.

Major factors of differentiation between Stock Investing and Trading

There is some detailed point difference between Stock Investing and Trading :

The difference according to approaches

The first difference is that these two methods work to make money from the stock market. Traders use technical analysis to estimate the exact time to sell or buy a dividend. Traders do not have to worry about the company’s business model or future growth prospects. They analyzed their decisions on hearing, media reports or maps, and graphs to determine the correct entry and exit points. Investment on the other hand takes a long-term perspective. Investors are part of the business, strong corporate governance, and continuous innovation, and clear competitive advantage. Investing is done with a long-term perspective in mind, so investors basically buy scraps of strong businesses and then appreciate the value of their stocks as the business grows, so they sell their stocks due to short-term market volatility.

If investing is an art then it is safe to say that investing is a skill. Both require time, effort, and experience in the stock market for a variety of reasons. A trader must be fully compliant with stock market terminology, ratios, market volume graphs, etc., on which he will base his buying and selling decisions, which will ultimately affect book profits. On the other hand, stock investors enhance their experience to quickly identify winners based on their basic sound. Many successful stock investors like Rakesh Hunwala believed in the potential of a company and their shares became multi-baggers.

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The difference is based on the time horizon

Let’s understand with an example. Suppose you have money and you buy a property in a local area. After a few months, the value of your property will be appreciated and you will sell it booking profits. What you have just done can best be described as trading. However, you bought the property because you know that in a few years the national highway will be built close to it, so the property price will increase significantly; Then you first invest in the property. You put your bet on the growth potential and keep your investment with a long-term focus.

Hence business is done with a short-term perspective. Market fluctuations are of great importance to traders and therefore the duration to be considered can be seconds, minutes, days, or months. In fact, time makes all the difference to a trader for profit. On the other hand, depending on their confidence in the business potential of investors anywhere between 5 and 10 years to start showing results, investors can invest over a period of years and decades, yet with a long-term perspective. 

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Difference based on the risk profile

Both trade and investment are influenced by market movements that expose your capital. However, trading is riskier than investing. The reason for trading is to make quick decisions to book short-term profits. Wrong entry or exit can have a huge impact on a trader’s book profits and he should be constantly vigilant. As traders make their decisions on external influences and do not focus on the growth opportunities of the business, they incur great losses. In fact, many retail investors have traded in the market and bought stocks based on the recommendations of friends or media reports or reported losses by mimicking the portfolio of a successful investor. Needless to say, the business oscillates very quickly and low. On the other hand, investing in a habit can take a long time to develop and get results again. The lower the holding period the lower the risk and the lower the return. However, if the shares are longer, you may get higher returns due to the compounding effect of interest and dividends.

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The difference according to perspective

The final difference is between the investor and the trader’s personality or wealth creation approach. Due to the nature of the trade, a trader is constantly alert, takes tough calls quickly, and is always on their toes. The investor, on the other hand, is slow and consistent in his view that it takes time to fully analyze a company, buy stocks that he believes in, and then hold them for longer.

A trader has a high-risk tolerance, good trades, and bad trades but is willing to take the risk for short-term gains. Investors, on the other hand, have a medium risk profile and need to invest longer.

When it comes to stock selection strategy, a trader specializes in assessing the viability of a stock based on market trends and technical analysis. He does not care what the company does and focuses only on the dividend value and the size of the business. On the other hand, an investor’s stock selection strategy depends on how strong the business is.

Those who do

You must have knowledge about the NSE before investing stocks. Successful in trading and investing- Traders put money into stocks for a short time. They buy and sell quickly to get the highest profit in the market. Missing the right time can lead to losses. They look at the current performance of companies to get the highest price and profit in the short term. Investors keep themselves away from styles and invest in value. They invest for a long time keeping the shares they hold. They wait patiently until the stock can reach its full potential. Finally, those who achieve their financial goals succeed!
Going back to our story, it is up to you to decide whether trading high seed for a small profit in the short term is your goal or to hold on to and grow more seeds to sell at a higher price over time is what you intend to be.


Trading and investing in stocks are two ways one can make money in the stock market. However, it is often used differently. Stock market participants are unaware that the obvious difference between the two is using trading strategies and they have lost money as a result. In fact, these approaches vary widely in terms of attitudes, risks involved, and time periods. You must identify which type of trader/investor you are before setting out on your investment journey. As there are several distinct ways to earn a living through financial markets.

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